Philosopher John Locke is usually credited with founding liberalism as a distinct tradition, based on the social contract, arguing that every man has a natural right to life, liberty and property and governments must not violate these rights. While the British liberal custom has emphasised increasing democracy, French liberalism has emphasized rejecting authoritarianism and is linked to nation-constructing.
Unlike Aquinas’s preponderant view on the salvation of the soul from original sin, Locke believes man’s mind comes into this world as tabula rasa. For Locke, information is neither innate, revealed nor based mostly on authority but subject to uncertainty tempered by purpose, tolerance and moderation. According to Locke, an absolute ruler as proposed by Hobbes is unnecessary, for natural law is based on cause and in search of peace and survival for man. One of essentially the most influential works during this burgeoning period was Niccolò Machiavelli’s The Prince, written between … Read More