Rüstow wanted a substitute for socialism and to the classical liberal economics developed within the German Empire. In 1938, Rüstow met with a variety of financial thinkers—including the likes of Ludwig Mises, Friedrich Hayek and Wilhelm Röpke—to find out how liberalism might be renewed. Rüstow advocated a powerful state to enforce free markets and state intervention to appropriate market failures.
Liberals vote mostly in favor of the Democratic Party, constituting roughly 43% of the Democratic base. Liberalism tends to be most outstanding in academia and amongst those with greater levels of schooling. In 2004, 72% of full-time college members at four-yr colleges identified as liberal. In a 2004 survey of 1,000 economists, registered Democrats outnumbered registered Republicans by a 2.5 to 1 ratio. The majority of economists favored “safety rules, gun control, redistribution, public schooling, and anti-discrimination laws” whereas opposing “tighter immigration controls, authorities ownership of enterprise and tariffs”.
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