Liberals have been almost as afraid of the mob and its ignorance and envy as they’ve been of the state and the aristocracy – therefore the emphasis on ‘balancing’ the institutions of government in the American Constitution. Even J. S. Mill advocated a system of ‘weighted’ votes to favour the propertied classes as a bulwark of a liberal society against the mob, misled by demagogues. Modern British liberals have been within the forefront of constitutional reform, advocating such restraints on the state as a written structure, a invoice of rights and dispersal of power to devolved authorities. Although no modern liberal would assist differential voting patterns, based on property or academic degree, all would support democratic techniques of presidency and are inclined to support the devolution of energy. John Stuart Mill’s specific contribution was to systematise nineteenth-century political liberalism.
Liberalism is a political and ethical philosophy primarily based on liberty, … Read More