States grew to become the first institutional brokers in an interstate system of relations. The Peace of Westphalia is claimed to have ended makes an attempt to impose supranational authority on European states. The “Westphalian” doctrine of states as independent agents was bolstered by the rise in nineteenth century considered nationalism, under which respectable states have been assumed to correspond to nations—teams of people united by language and tradition. Although state-varieties existed earlier than the rise of the Ancient Greek empire, the Greeks were the first people recognized to have explicitly formulated a political philosophy of the state, and to have rationally analyzed political institutions. Prior to this, states had been described and justified by way of religious myths.
Plato (left) and Aristotle (proper), from a element of The School of Athens, a fresco by Raphael. Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s Politics secured the 2 Greek philosophers as two of essentially … Read More